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So, what kind of function is this f(x) that we defined in the previous page?
We will find this out in two different ways. To start with, we can see that f(1)=1.
Next, let us multiply f by e. This will give us
Next, we can make the three last terms having a common denominator
So, every time we multiply by e we will increase the input parameter by one, and f(1)=1. Hmm, what kind of function are dealing with here? Ok, it is of course an exponential function with the base e, i.e.,
Let us try to show this in a second way. We could start with looking at the expected result. Say we have
We could do that last step since n is independent of x. Then we do a binomial expansion of this, or rather, a generalized binomial expansion to get
Just copying the reasoning from the first page in this section. An as in there we can see that most of those terms will go toward 0. This gives us
And our function is thus ex.
We have now established a few important facts.
Up a level : Euler's number e
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